Extreme weather conditions have gendered impacts. In terms of mortality, flooding in Bangladesh in 1991 killed 71 per thousand women compared to 15 per thousand men (Cannon et al, 2002), while the heat wave in France in 2003 killed many more women. The total excess mortality for women was 75% higher. Even accounting for this, the excess mortality for women remains 15% higher (Fouillet et al, 2007).
In the UK, surveys consistently indicate that women are between 1.3 and 3.5 times more likely to be vegetarian. Men are also likely to eat more meat in other European countries. The climate impact of a vegetarian diet is around one half of the average meat eater’s diet. Source: WEN, 2010.
In the Global North, women are more likely to experience fuel poverty due to gendered income differentials. In the UK, one million more women live in poverty than men, and 19.2 per cent of single pensioner households and 16.8 per cent of lone parent households are facing energy poverty – the majority of which are women. Source: WEN and WI (2005) Women’s manifesto on climate change (London: WEN/WI).
The failure to invest in clean energy alternatives to burning biomass has a gendered impact on mortality. In Pakistan, indoor air pollution accounts for 28,000 deaths and 40 million cases of acute respiratory illness, annually, the majority of which are women, the elderly and children (World Bank, 2007).
Research by the new economics foundation in the UK has established that a higher proportion of an average man's carbon footprint is due to leisure than an average woman’s (Druckman et al, 2013).